||Author(s): E. Spyromitros-Xioufis, S. Papadopoulos, A. Ginsca, A. Popescu, I. Kompatsiaris, I. Vlahavas.
Title: “Improving Diversity in Image Search via Supervised Relevance Scoring”.
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image retrieval, diversity, relevance feedback, image classification, image reranking.
International Conference on Multimedia Retrieval, ACM, Shanghai, China, 2015.
Abstract: Results returned by commercial image search engines should include relevant and diversified depictions of queries in order to ensure good coverage of users' information needs. While relevance has drastically improved in recent years, diversity is still an open problem. In this paper we propose a reranking method that could be implemented on top of such engines in order to provide a better balance between relevance and diversity. Our method formulates the reranking problem as an optimization of a utility function that jointly
considers relevance and diversity. Our main contribution is the replacement of the unsupervised definition of relevance that is commonly used in this formulation with a supervised classification model that strives to capture a query and application-specific notion of relevance. This model provides more accurate relevance scores that lead to significantly improved diversification performance. Furthermore, we propose a stacking-type ensemble learning approach that allows combining multiple features in a principled way when computing the relevance of an image. An empirical evaluation carried out on the datasets of the MediaEval 2013 and 2014 "Retrieving Diverse Social Images" (RDSI) benchmarks confirms the superior performance of the proposed method compared to other participating systems as well as a state-of-the-art, unsupervised reranking method.